According to http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/windsor/story/2011/12/07/wdr-apprenticeship-skill-trade-shortage.html, there is going to be a mass shortage on skilled workers. Amount of shortage: “By some estimates, Ontario could face a shortage of more than 300,000 skilled workers in another 10 years.” (CBC News)
Skilled workers are people who work for others who have learned skilled trade; therefore being skilled in whatever they are doing. They’re also called apprentices. The education and training for apprentices is done either in classrooms (college) or on the job, for a more hands-on experience. In addition, the apprentice gets payed for whatever they do whilst learning more about the profession.
The reasoning for why there is a shortage on skilled workers is possibly due to the misjudgement that apprenticeship do not grant as much money as other jobs obtained through having University degrees. However, apprentices can make as much money, less money or even more money based on their skill trade and their experiences; the same thing as any other job.
Refer to http://www.red-seal.ca/w.2lc.4me@-eng.jsp?lang=eng for information on apprenticeships in every province and territory (Canada)
Civil engineering is about the design, construction and maintenance of human-made structures and/or natural structures in the environment through the use of physics and mathematics. Actually, civil engineering includes many subcategories such as environmental engineering, geotechnical, structural, biomechanics, nanotechnology, transportation and many more.
The purpose of having civil engineers are to design the properties of the structures, such as its ability to support its own weight and the materials used for the manufacturing of it. For example, a water treatment plant can be made to aid in the purification of water to help people in developing countries obtain clean water; and civil engineering will aid in deciding the pressures, temperatures, material and other properties of the strucutre to ensure that it lasts long and strong. This is the differences between an architect and a civil engineer. The architect would play a greater part in designing how the building/structure would look and its purposes while the civil engineer would pay more attention to the background of how everything will work out.
Once upon a time, man created a box-shaped camera. 100 years later, cameras are STILL BOX SHAPED: We’re stuck in a paradigm.
What are paradigms? Paradigms are defined as “A worldview underlying the theories and methodology of a particular scientific subject.” It’s like how people continue to construct things as how they used to be constructed; with little or no individuality at all. In order for humans to evolve, we must break our current paradigm and invent something new, something super-cool that the world has never seen. I think this is the way of becoming successful in design.
Once a paradigm is broken, it is called a paradigm shift. Over time there have been many paradigm shifts which have greatly affected how we live today, such as the invention of the light bulb which have replaced candle, the invention of cars to provide another method of transportation or even sliced bread. In order to do a paradigm shift, one needs a lot of knowledge on the necessities and desires of humans and contain a vast imagination (to be very original). Others have tried isolating themselves from the technology and advancements we have today just so that they can think of something new; something different. Through continually shifting paradigms, humanity will be able to evolve significantly quicker and continually make up newer ways of living to increase survivability.
The voyage of discovery is not in seeking new landscapes but in having new eyes.
– Marcel Proust
An architect; an inventor of buildings. They’re job is to make buildings; generally speaking. Architects actually have a wide range of jobs, including site evaluation, project management, designing buildings, contract administration, builder/consultant qualification, planning, building code study, building contractor, building inspector, building researcher, lead consultant, project manager, business manager and many more. It’s like a hospital: Some people specialize in certain topics more than others. For example, people good at drawing will draw out designs while organized people can plan out everything (project management). Getting a degree in architecture can lead to many careers, like an architect critic and an urban planner (many more careers at http://www.raic.org/architecture_architects/becoming_an_architect/index_e.htm).
To become an architect requires a lot of education. A bachelors degree of architecture is needed (5 years of education) and possibly a masters degree as well (6-8 years). In addition, a program called IDP (Intern Development Program) must be completed to allow the graduates to gain real-life experience in architecture firms. Once this is finished, one must complete the ARE (Architect Registration Exam) which tests the graduates once again (This is for USA; I’m unsure whether this applies elsewhere). The median of wages of architects in 2010 was $72550 according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The lower 10 percent of architects earned less than $41,320 while the higher 10 percent of architects earned more than $119,220.
In my own opinion, I have yet to experience the education needed to become an architect. In addition, I am inexperienced of how it would be like to be an architect; to know whether I like it or not. As a result (judging on the education and salary of an architect), I would not become an architect.